Kohli has been docked 25% of his match fee and given one demerit point for breaching level one of the ICC code of conduct, for "excessive appealing".
The 30-year-old admitted the charge after advancing towards umpire Aleem Dar when appealing an lbw decision.
Mohammed Shami's hat-trick in the final over eventually saw India win the game.
Kohli now has two demerit points on his record, after receiving one for aggressive behaviour towards umpires during a Test match against South Africa in Pretoria in January 2018.
Level one breaches carry a maximum punishment of a 50% match fee deduction and two demerit points. If a player accrues four demerit points within a 24-month period, they will receive a ban.